Abbreviation: CI, confidence interval.
*Cheng YW, Snowden JM, King TL, Caughey AB. Selected perinatal outcomes associated with planned home births in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2013;209:325.e1–8.
‡Snowden JM, Tilden EL, Snyder J, Quigley B, Caughey AB, Cheng YW. Planned out-of-hospital birth and birth outcomes. N Engl J Med 2015;373:2642–53.
†Grunebaum A, McCullough LB, Sapra KJ, Brent RL, Levene MI, Arabin B, et al. Apgar score of 0 at 5 minutes and neonatal seizures or serious neurologic dysfunction in relation to birth setting. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2013;209:323.e1–6.
§Includes planned birth center and home births.
For More Information
Planned Home Birth (PDF), American Academy of Pediatrics
This policy statement is intended to help pediatricians provide supportive, informed counsel to women considering home birth while retaining their role as child advocates. It also summarizes the standards of care for newborn infants born at home, which are consistent with the standards for infants born in a medical care facility.
Global Standards for Midwifery Education (PDF), International Confederation of Midwives
These standards promote regulatory mechanisms that protect women and families by ensuring that safe and competent midwives provide a high standard of midwifery care to every woman and baby.
Global Standards for Midwifery Regulation (PDF), International Confederation of Midwives
These standards define the expectations for competencies and scope of midwifery practice to promote the health of women and childbearing families.
Essential Competencies for Basic Midwifery Practice (PDF), International Confederation of Midwives
These essential competencies complement the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) standards and guidelines related to midwifery education, regulation, and clinical practice.